Research Interests & Grant Projects
Research Interests and Supervision
My research focus is on aspects
of metacognitive and social influences on children's event memory reports,
with application to children's eyewitness testimony. I am currently conducting
a research program on social influences on children’s responses
to repeated questions, with funding from an ARC Discovery grant, and I
am involved in collaborative research with Prof. Claudia Roebers at the
University of Bern, Switzerland, on the development of accurate confidence
judgments in event memory reports, which has been funded by the German
Research Foundation. I also have an interest in individual differences
and developmental progression in children’s source monitoring, and
have carried out research in collaboration with Dr Roslyn Markham and
Dr Sabina Kleitman, developing child measures of imagery vividness across
different modalities, and relating these measures to source monitoring
for memories of events. My interest in these phenomena lies in the theoretical
implications for understanding cognitive development, as well as in the
practical implications for developing appropriate methods of questioning
children in forensic and other contexts.
I have supervised Honours and
Graduate Diploma in Science projects in a range of areas associated with
children’s event memory and metacognitive monitoring. Postgraduate
research supervised includes developmental aspects of conduct disorder
and its relation to PTSD; children's involvement in decision making in
family law proceedings; the stability of bullying and victim behaviours
across school, university and work place; humour and social skills in
children; and predictors of recidivism in juvenile offenders.
- 2009: Repeated questions in child eyewitness recall: Testing competing explanations. ARC Discovery Grant
- 2008: Repeated questions in child eyewitness recall: Testing competing explanations. University of Sydney Bridging Support Grant
- 2005-2007: ARC Discovery grant "Optimising recall in children's testimony: The challenge of repeated questions" $175,000
- 2005-2006: University of Sydney Teaching Improvement Fund grant "Development of video footage of children for use in tutorial and WebCT exercises." With Dr D. Livesey. $9,500
- 2005-2006: German Research Foundation (with Roebers) "Metacognition and event recall" $122,000
- 2004: University of Sydney
Sesquicentenary Near Miss Grant: "Optimising recall in children's
testimony: The challenge of repeated questions".
- 2003-4: German Research
Foundation Grant (with Prof. C. Roebers, University of Wuerzburg): “Developmental
progression in children’s metamemorial judgments”
- 1998: ARC Small Grant (with
Dr R. Markham): "A developmental study of imagery and source monitoring
in three different modalities" .
- 1996: ARC Small Grant (with
Dr R. Markham): "The development of reality monitoring in visual,
auditory and audio-visual tasks".
- 1996/7: University of Sydney
Research Grant: "Developmental trends in appropriate "don't
know" responses in eyewitness memory".
- 1995: University of Sydney
Research Grant: "Children's eyewitness testimony: The effects of
age and instructions on "don't know" responses to answerable
and unanswerable questions".
Recent Publications & Conference Presentations
- Howie, P.Howie, P., Nash, L., Kurukulasuriya, N., & Bowman, A. (2011). Children's event reports: Factors affecting responses to repeated questions in vignette scenarios and event recall interviews. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, DOI:10.1111/j.2044-835X.2011.02064.x
- Fritz, K., Howie, P., & Kleitman, S. (2010). How do I remember when I got my dog? The structure and development of children's metamemory. Metacognition and Learning, 5(2), 207-28.
- Howie, P., Kurukulasuriya, N., Nash, L., & Marsh, A. (2009). Explaining inconsistencies in children's event recall: The role of age, question format and perceived reason for question repetition. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 14, 311-329.
- Howie. P. & Roebers, C. (2007) Developmental progression in the confidence-accuracy relationship in event recall: New insights provided by a calibration perspective. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21(7), 871-893
- Roebers, C.,von der Linden, N. & Howie, P. (2007). Favourable and unfavourable conditions for children’s confidence judgements. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 25, 109-134.
- Roebers, C.M., Howie, P., & Beuscher, E. (2007). Can private reports enhance children’s event recall, lower their suggestibility and foster their metacognitive monitoring compared to face-to-face interviews? Computers in Human Behavior, 23 (1), 749-769.
- Roebers, C.M., von der Linden, N., Schneider, W. and Howie, P. (2007) Children's metamemorial judgments in an event recall task. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 97, 117-137.
- Howie, P., Markham, R., & Kleitman, S. (2006). The development of imagery scales for children in three modalities. Journal of Mental Imagery, 30, 39 - 64.
- Dixon, A., Howie, P & Starling, J (2005). Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress and psychiatric comorbidity in female juvenile offenders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 44 798-806
- Roebers, C., von der Linden,
N. & Howie, P. (in press). Favourable and unfavourable conditions
for children’s confidence judments. British Journal of Developmental
- Dixon, A., Howie, P &
Starling, J (2005). Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress and psychiatric
comorbidity in female juvenile offenders. Journal of the American
Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 44, 798-806.
- Howie, P., Sheehan, M.,
Mojarrad, T. & Wrzesinska, M. (2004). “Undesirable”
and “desirable” shifts in children’s responses to
repeated questions: Age differences in the effect of providing a rationale
for repetition. Applied Cognitive Psychology.18, 1161-1180.
- Roebers, C.M., Howie, P.,
& Beuscher, E. (2004). Can private reports enhance children’s
event recall, lower their suggestibility and foster their metacognitive
monitoring compared to face-to-face interviews? Computers in Human
- Matthey, S., Kavanagh, D.J.,
Howie, P., Barnett, B. & Charles, M. (2004). Prevention of postnatal
distress or depression: an evaluation of an intervention at preparation
for parenthood classes, Journal of Affective Disorders, 79,
- Dixon, A., Howie, P. &
Starling, J. (2004) Psychopathology in female juvenile offenders. Journal
of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1150-1158.
- Roebers, C. & Howie,
P. (2003) Metacognitive processes in event recall: Developmental progression
in the impact of contextual factors. Journal of Experimental Child
Psychology, 85, 352-371.
- Bowen, C. & Howie. P.
(2002) Context and cue cards in young children’s testimony: A
comparison of brief narrative elaboration and context reinstatement.
Journal of Applied Psychology. 87, 1077-1085.
- Erskine, A., Markham, R.,
and Howie, P. (2002) Children’s script based inferences: Implications
for eyewitness testimony. Cognitiv Development, 16, 871-887.
- Tannenbaum, M & Howie,
P. (2002) The Association between Language Maintenance and Family Relations:
Chinese Immigrant Children in Australia, Journal of Multilingual
and Multicultural Development, 23, 408-424.
- Matthey, S., Morgan, M.,
Healey, L., Barnett, B., Kavanagh, D, and Howie, P. (2002) Postpartum
issues for expectant mothers and fathers. Journal of Obstetrics,
Gynaecological and Neonatal Nursing, 31, 428-435.
- White, F. A., Howie, P.,
& Perz, J. (2000). Predictors of moral thought in two contrasting
samples of school aged adolescents. Ethics and Behaviour, 10(3),
- Seidler, K. M. & Howie,
P. M. (1999). Motivational factors in children’s reporting of
events: the influence of age and expected reinforcement contingency.
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 20, 101-118.
- Markham, R., Howie, P. &
Hlavacek, S. (1999). Reality monitoring in auditory and visual modalities:
Developmental trends and effects of cross modal imagery. Journal
of Experimental Child Psychology, 72, 51-70.
Recent Conference Presentations
- Howie, P. , Bowman, A.,
and Marsh, A. (2006). Children’s inferences when adults repeat
questions: A vignette study. In Symposium: “Serving Justice: Obtaining
reliable child witness testimony and accurate juror judgments.”
XIXth Biennial Conference of the International Society for the Study
of Behavioural Development, Melbourne, July 2006
- Howie, P. , & Nash,
L. (2006). Inconsistency in child eyewitnesses: Testing competing explanations.
In Symposium: “Factors affecting eyewitness memory”. Fourth
International Congress on Memory, Sydney, July, 2006.
- Howie, P. Board, C., Chow,
C, Singh, A. & Aguierre, C. (2006). Inconsistency in preschoolers’
memory reports: The role of instructions, style of repeated questions,
and individual differences. Fourth International Conference on Memory,
Sydney, July 2006
- Howie, P. (2005) Shifting
to repeated questions in children: The impact of social cognition. International
Workshop on Children’s Eyewitness memory and suggestibility: Effects
of Social, Cognitive and Metacognitive factors on memory reports. University
of Wuerzburg, Germany, July, 2005.
- Rosewell, L. & Howie,
P. (2005) Testing a new question format: The influence of question format,
question type and age on children’s event recall. Conference of
the Australian Psychological Society, Melbourne, September 2005. Abstract
published Australian Journal of Psychology, 51 (suppl.), 35-36 .
- Howie, P. (2005) Repeated
questions in children’s event recall: The role of age, question
format and perceived reason for repetition. Conference of the Society
for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, Wellington, NZ, January
- Howie, P. & Roebers,
C. (2004) Calibration as new approach for the study of developmental
progression in metacognitive monitoring processes during event recall.
In Symposium: “Developmental changes in metacognitive processes
involved in false memory and false suggestion rejection”. XVIIIth
Biennial Conference of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural
Development, Ghent, Belgium, July 2004
- Howie, P. & Johnson,
R. (2004) Drawing during children's eyewitness recall following misinformation:
Does the modality of misinformation delivery matter? XIVth Annual Conference
of the European Association for Psychology and Law, Cracow, Poland,
- Howie. P. How sure am I
about that? The effects of prompting young children to monitor their
certainty. In Symposium: “Metacognitive issues in memory and testimony”,
Conference of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition,
Aberdeen, Scotland, July, 2003.
- Roebers, C. M. & Howie,
P. (2003) Social and metacognitive processes in children’s suggestibility:
Is there evidence for a general overconfidence effect? In Symposium:“Questioning
children", Conference of the Society for Applied Research in Memory
and Cognition, Aberdeen, Scotland, July, 2003.
- Howie, P., Craft, T. and
Evans, E. (2003). Exploring the potential of narrative elaboration procedures:
The effect of brief narrative elaboration training after long and short
delays. In Symposium: “Interviewing children”, at the International
Interdisciplinary Conference on Psychology and Law, Edinburgh, Scotland,
- Perry, L., & Howie,
P. (2003) Drawing as a facilitator of children’s event recall:
Exploring the role of cues. Eleventh European Conference on Developmental
Psychology, Milan, Italy, August 2003
- Hufton, K. & Howie,
P. (2002) An examination of the efficacy of mental context reinstatement
for enhancing the event reports of child witnesses after delays. Annual
Conference of the Australian Psychological Society, Queensland, Australia,
September 2002. Abstract published Australian Journal of Psychology,
51 (suppl.), 35-36.
- Howie, P., Barbouttis, F.,
Schmidhofer, K., Bjelosovic, D., and McInnes, K (2002) "Draw me
what happened!”:The effects of drawing and social support on young
children's memory for past events. Annual Conference of the Australian
Psychological Society: Queensland, Australia, September, 2002. Abstract
published Australian Journal of Psychology, 51 (suppl.), 35.
||Special Field Seminar
in Developmental Psychology (Coordinator)
Lectures and tutorials
and Social Psychology: Lectures
|Psychology for Social Work
||Human Development: Lectures
|Postgraduate Seminar in Developmental Psychology (Coordinator)
Professional Positions & Memberships
School of Psychology Committees and Activities
- Associate Head, Postgraduates
- Convenor, Postgraduate Committee
- Member, Head of School Advisory
- Member, Resources Committee
Memberships of Professional Societies
- Australasian Human Development
- Australian Psychological
- Cognitive Development Society
- International Society for
the Study of Behavioral Development
- Society for the Applied
Research in Memory and Cognition